A census conducted for the first time in 10 years revealed that the number of elderly people has increased significantly in China. It is expected that the demand for “long-term care” will increase as we move toward an aging society. Will these major changes in neighboring countries be a business opportunity for Japan? In considering this, it is necessary to be aware of the “three structural problems” surrounding long-term care. (Wang Qing, Representative of Japan-China Welfare Planning) ● Is China’s aging a business opportunity for Japan? On May 11, the results of China’s 7th census, which is conducted every 10 years, were announced by the National Bureau of Statistics of China. According to the report, the number of elderly people aged 60 and over is 260 million, accounting for 18.7% of the total population. The population aged 65 and over increased by 60% from 10 years ago to 190 million, accounting for 13.5% of the total. On the other hand, the number of newborn babies in 2020 will reach 12 million, decreasing for the third consecutive year. The birth rate is 1.3, the lowest since the statistics began in 1952. It became clear that the declining birthrate and aging population are accelerating. After the announcement of the census, Japanese long-term care providers made a series of inquiries to the author, who is involved in the welfare business between Japan and China. Questions such as “Isn’t the elderly population in China double the population in Japan and an opportunity for the long-term care business?” “What is the current situation of Japanese long-term care businesses that have already expanded?” So, it seems that this announcement is quite anxious. Even in China, news that companies in different industries, such as major health foods and insurance companies, entered the long-term care industry at that time was reported one after another. It is also different that Prime Minister Li Keqiang said at a press conference following the 13th National People’s Congress held in March this year that “the elderly industry will become a huge growth industry and bring about diverse needs.” It has been a tailwind for the entry of the nursing care industry from the industry.