The garbage problem that is deeply related to the goals of the SDGs. Currently, it is steadily deteriorating, and it is expected that it will be difficult to achieve the SDGs as it is. According to the World Bank’s report, What a Waste 2.0, the world’s total production of waste amounts to 2 billion tonnes in a year, at least 33% of which is not properly disposed of and pollutes the natural environment. Garbage that is not properly treated not only pollutes soil, rivers and oceans, but also produces greenhouse gases such as methane gas. Goal 5 of the SDGs “Health and Welfare for All”, Goal 6 “Safe Water and Tray”, Goal 11 “Creating a Town That Can Continue to Live”, Goal 13 “Climate Change”, Goal 14 “Abundance of the Sea” It is not hard to imagine that it will make it difficult to achieve Goal 15 “Land Richness”. Currently, it is not possible to properly dispose of garbage to 100%, but the amount of garbage is increasing year by year, and the pollution problem is expected to become more serious in the future. According to the World Bank report, the amount of garbage per year will increase from 2 billion tons at present to 3.4 billion tons in 2050. It is clear that solving the garbage problem is a major premise for the implementation of the SDGs, but there are two major approaches to this. One is recycling and the other is a new material that replaces plastic.