[Washington = Etsunari Kurose]As the withdrawal of US troops stationed in Afghanistan by the US administration of Biden is nearing completion, how the US will be involved in maintaining security in Afghanistan after the withdrawal of US troops has emerged as a serious concern. The US administration has made it a top priority to stop Afghanistan from becoming a hotbed for terrorists attempting to attack the US mainland again, but no concrete measures have been taken. Commander Miller of the U.S. military stationed in Afghanistan appeared on a news program on ABC TV on the 4th, saying that the Islamic fundamentalist Taliban, which is hostile to the Afghan government, is rapidly expanding its territory with the withdrawal of the U.S. military. It’s a situation that should be done. ” President Biden has announced that he will complete the withdrawal of US troops stationed in Afghanistan by September 11, 20 years after the 9/11 terrorist attacks on Afghanistan and Iraq. However, Mr. Miller pointed out that “we are laying the groundwork for (the Taliban) to overthrow (the Afghan government) by force,” and expressed a strong sense of crisis about Afghanistan falling into a state of civil war. Regarding the response of the Biden administration, the opposition Republican Party has prioritized the political speculation that “the longest war in the United States” will end, and there are strong criticisms that it “lacks planning and preparation” (Representative McCall). How will we collect information and carry out counter-terrorism operations to prevent attacks on the United States by armed groups of the international terrorist organization Al-Qaeda and the Islamic Sunni radical organization “Islamic State” (IS) in Afghanistan? It is said that the policy of the US administration has not been decided at this time. In particular, the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA), which has been collecting information and killing terrorist organization executives with unmanned attack aircraft based in Afghanistan, will lose its base of activity. Secretary of Defense Austin recently met with foreign ministers from Uzbekistan and Tajikistan, which border Afghanistan, and called for cooperation to stabilize the situation in Afghanistan. Both countries have a history of providing bases for the US military’s invasion of Afghanistan, and it seems that the Biden administration is planning to use both countries as bases for security measures in Afghanistan. According to Reuters, the Biden administration is making adjustments to make Tajik, Uzbek, and Kazakhstan’s three Central Asian countries temporary recipients of Afghan interpreters who have cooperated with the US military. If the Taliban expands its territory further, the risk of interpreters being killed by the Taliban will increase. The US Congress is increasingly calling on the Biden administration to issue special immigrant visas (SIVs) to Afghan interpreters and their families. ◇[Moscow = Yuichi Onoda]Russia, which regards Central Asia adjacent to Afghanistan as a “backyard” over the withdrawal of US troops from Afghanistan, is wary of the United States gaining a military base in this region and strengthening its influence. There is. In late April, ahead of the start of the withdrawal of US troops, Defense Minister Sergey Shoygu visited Tajikistan and Uzbekistan one after another. In May, Russian President Vladimir Putin met with Tajik President Emomali Rahmon. Russian media said the Russian administration is working on countries to prevent US military bases from appearing in Central Asia. In the early 2000s, when the United States embarked on a “war on terror,” Russia allowed US troops to use air force bases such as Uzbeks and Kyrgyzstan. In addition to wanting to prevent Islamic extremists from flowing from Afghanistan into Central Asia, there was a situation in which the Putin administration at that time was taking an international cooperation route. Since then, however, US-Russia relations have continued to deteriorate, and Russia is strongly wary of the erosion of its “sphere of influence” by the United States. The Putin administration is also looking to strengthen the Russian troops stationed in Tajikistan with the intention of strengthening military involvement in Central Asia in the name of preparing for the deterioration of Afghan security.